If you are worried about the vision of your eyes or experiencing soreness or any pain and discomfort, then you should contact your local optician to arrange an eye examination.

With regular eye check-ups, many problems are identified at the early stages. When caught early, conditions are easier to treat. Early diagnosis and treatment can often stop conditions from deteriorating into more serious problems threatening greater damage to your sight or eye health.

A professional eye examination can also provide an early warning of certain serious and even life-threatening conditions such as diabetes and certain kinds of tumours.

We have put together for you some helpful information on a range of common eye health conditions.

As we age all parts of our bodies tend to degenerate, whether it is our knees, heart or eyes.  This degeneration will vary markedly from one person to another with some people being affected only slightly and others where the effect is more marked. Age Related Macula Degeneration is a term that encompasses a broad range of change. It may be just a minimal amount that has little effect other than us preferring better lighting to help reading, right through to the severe form that can cause people to be registered Severely Sight Impaired.  Even in its worst form it will never cause complete blindness although the central part of the vision can be lost.

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Amblyopia occurs when poor vision in one eye causes the brain to ignore the visual signals from that eye and instead use the other eye to see. The condition usually affects the vision from one eye only, but can occasionally affect both.

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The symptoms can be blurred or distorted vision. If left untreated, it can also lead to headaches and eye strain.

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Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelid caused by the glands around the eye lashes becoming blocked or infected as a result of a bacterial infection or an allergic reaction.

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“Cataracts” is the description given to a condition where the lens in the eye becomes less transparent. Typically, this is an ageing change.

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Approximately 6% of males and 0.05% of females have a congenital fault in this discriminating ability. This is normally due to a fault in recognising the red / green balance, with poor recognition of either the red or green element. It may be a total or partial inability, resulting in poor colour recognition.

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This common condition describes a disturbance to the conjunctiva (the transparent layer covering the front of the eye which folds back on itself to form the inner lining of the eyelid). There are three main forms of conjunctivitis.

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If you suffer from diabetes, then you are especially vulnerable to some eye-related conditions and complications. In particular, you have increased likelihood of developing cataracts and you are at risk of diabetic retinopathy.

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Dry eye syndrome can occur when there is a problem with the tear film that normally keeps the eye moist and lubricated. It’s our tears that protect our eyes from infection, keep them clean and free of dust. Dry eyes are a common cause of eye irritation and can mean that your eyes are not producing enough tears or that your tears are evaporating too quickly.

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These are problems related to the vitreous jelly in the eye and some of the things that can happen when it changes.

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Glaucoma is a condition that will (not may) cause blindness if not treated. Treatment for glaucoma will never repair any damage already caused but hopefully will limit any further damage happening. For this reason early diagnosis and treatment is very beneficial.

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There are many types and severity of migraine symptoms. When there are visual symptoms they generally precede the headache and are called prodromal symptoms.

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Myopia and hypermetropia are more commonly known as short-sightedness and long-sightedness. Both are refractive errors, which mean that the eye can’t focus light onto the retina properly.

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This term is used to describe what happens in the eyes when they get a little older. It is normally first noticed around the mid-forties. To see things clearly near-to, we have to increase the power of the eye. The closer the object, the more of an increase in power is needed. To achieve this increase we distort the lens in the eye. The greater the power wanted, the greater the distortion needed.

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After suffering a stroke, some people find that their vision is affected. Others are not affected at all. If the vision is affected, new spectacles are unfortunately not likely to be the answer, as the problem lies not in the focusing of the image but in the ‘developing’ of the image.

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“Sub conjunctival haemorrage” is maybe not a common term. But most people will have seen or experienced it.

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